Saansad Adarsh Gram Yojana
The Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana was launched in year 2014 to develop model village in the country and consequently improve the infrastructural and living conditions of the rural population. As per the scheme, the Member of Parliament of each constituency would be taking up three village in their area and develop them as model village on the parameters set within the scheme by the year 2019 and a total of eight village by the year 2024.
There would be a model village assigned to each Member of Parliament. The model villages would be developed in their own constituency. Further, in years to come till year 2024, there could be model villages for every year in the same constituency. Thus, by 2024, every Member of Parliament would have eight model villages in their constituency.
The Objectives of Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana
Although the indirect implications of the scheme would be numerous, the main objectives of the scheme as per the government publications are as under:
- The developed model villages would be typically called as Aadarsh Grams. Through implementation of the Saansad Aadarsh Gram Scheme, specific initiatives would be designed that would be relevant to the local context and may vary from one village to another.
- The idea and objective is to develop model villages that could be simply replicated to other villages.
The identification of villages under the scheme
The MPs would have complete independence as far as identification of model village and its development work is concerned. They would tie-up with the local village level administration and get the development work done. The MPs have to ensure that the village they chose for making a model village should not be their own or the one of their spouse.
There is another condition to the selection of the villages. The member of Lok Sabha can choose any village from their constituency and Member of Rajya Sabha can choose any constituency from their state. The members of Rajya Sabha are free to choose any village throughout the country and from any district. That should, however, not be their own or their spouse village. Those MPs representing urban constituencies can choose any village from any other constituency from rural areas.
Funding for Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana
This scheme is one among few of those schemes for which no separate funds have been allocated. Now the question is where the funds would come from for development of model villages. This is where the funds would come from:
- By the Members of Parliament, any fund allocated to development work in the district can be chosen for expenses for the model village. That may come from MGNREG, Pradhan Mantri Sadak Gram Yojana, BRGF or any other.
- The MPs can even use the funds available with Member of Parliament Local Area Development Scheme.
- The Gram Panchayat revenue could be used for this scheme
- The MPs can use such other funds from State and Central Finance Commission Grants
- The MPs can also utilize such funds which can be called from Corporate Social Responsibility.
The implementation of Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana
For the implementation purpose, a village development plan would be charted out under the leadership of the Member of Parliament, which would further guide the entire process of development of the Aadhar Gram. A list of activities and requirements to be done in the village would be created and would be attached to a timeline along with designated official.
There would be certain key functionaries of the scheme at each model village, which would include:
- The Member of Parliament
- Two committees headed by the Minister of Rural Development
- A committee headed by the chief secretary of the state
- The district collector
- The gram panchayat and other functionaries of the scheme
Last but not the least, it is utmost important that the project and scheme is monitored well throughout its implementation. This is how Saansad Aadarsh Gram Yojana is going to be a success. There would be a web based application responsible for overall monitoring of the scheme. This would help the Members of Parliament and other officials to keep an eye on the development work of the model village and exercise a transparent system of functioning.