Ganga Gram Namami Gange Project
River Ganga is the life blood of the country. Not only is the river a significant religious symbol for the people of the country, it also provided life giving water to the countrymen. But in the recent times, the navigability of the river has declined due to increase in the rate of water pollution. The current central government has thus, implemented the Ganga Gram Namami Gange Project for developing the state of the river and also the villages located on the bank of the river.
|Name||Ganga Gram Namami Gange Project|
|Launched by||Prime Minister of the country Narendra Modi|
|Launched date||March 2016|
|Supervised by||River Development and Ganga Rejuvenation|
|Presenting guest on launched day||Minister for Ministry for Water Resources, Uma Bharati|
Key features of the scheme Ganga Gram Namami Gange Project
- Preventing the issues of open defecation – Due to the lack of awareness and proper toilets, the people living in the rural areas resort to defecate on the banks of the river. The waste gets washed in the river and pollutes it. To stop this, the government will take necessary steps to eliminate the problems of open defecation on the banks of the river by villagers.
- Prevent the dumping of untreated liquid waste into the stream – Apart from solid waste, the river water is also getting polluted by the dumping of dirty liquid into the main stream of the Ganga. The erection of liquid waste treatment plants will be done on the banks of the river to treat the liquid waste properly.
- Developing the sites of crematorium – The ghats of Ganga, especially in Banaras are considered to be the holiest places. It is said that if a person is cremated on these ghats, they will attain salvation. Thus, there are many crematory ghats on the banks of the river. The government will develop state of the art crematory ghats. Here, the waste will be properly treated before dumping the ash in the hold water. This way, the water of the river will be less polluted.
- Developing the facility of solid waste management – Apart from liquid waste, dumping solid waste into the river, without treating it properly, pollutes the water. To eliminate this problem, the central government will construct solid waste treating plants in these areas.
- Promoting better sanitation in rural areas – With the points mentioned above, the government will also create awareness among the people of the villages, which are located on the banks of the River Ganga. They will teach the people the need for using toilets and the disadvantages of open defecation. The central government will also assist the villagers in constructing permanent toilets.
Villages covered under the scheme
The vastness of the scheme forces the central government to tackle the task of developing the river and the villages located on its banks in different phases. The central government has published a list containing the names of 306 villages, all of which are located on the banks of River Ganga. Of these 78 villages are located in Sahebganj (Jharkhand), 128 villages are in Uttarakhand, 58 villages in West Bengal and 13 villages are in Bihar.
States covered under the scheme
The River Ganga flows through many states, located in the northern and central part of the country. As of now, the main states, where the scheme will be implemented are Jharkhand, Uttarakhand, West Bengal, Uttar Pradesh, and Bihar. These are the states through which the main stream of the river and the prominent tributaries and distributaries flow through.
Budget for the scheme
As per the declaration of the central government and the departments, associated with the successful implementation of the Ganga Gram Namami Gange Project, a whopping amount of Rs.1750 Crores has been allocated for meeting the requirements of the project. The money will be spent on the development of the overall status of the villages located on the banks of the holy river. But the completion of the total Ganga Restoration Project will cost around ₹20,000 crores.